Browse Logical Fallacies

“Logic is the beginning of wisdom, not the end.” — Leonard Nimoy

Logical fallacies are flaws in reasoning that weaken an argument, or tricks of thought used as a debate tactic in order to persuade people. They are commonplace in all types of debates and discussions — in politics, advertising, media, and our everyday conversations — whether they are used intentionally or committed unknowingly due to a lack of argumentation skills.

If you want to get notified when we post new articles on critical thinking and decision-making, join our email list below:

Guide to Logical Fallacies

Lists of Fallacies


Accident Fallacy

Ad Hoc

Ad Hominem

Ad Hominem Abusive

Affirming the Consequent

Anecdotal Fallacy

Appeal to Authority

Appeal to Celebrity

Appeal to Coincidence

Appeal to Consequences

Appeal to Emotion

Appeal to Force

Appeal to Ignorance

Appeal to Nature

Appeal to Novelty

Appeal to Pity

Appeal to Probability

Appeal to Tradition

Argument From Fallacy

Argument from Incredulity

B – D


Begging the Question

Burden of Proof

Cherry Picking

Circumstantial Ad Hominem


Denying the Antecedent


E – G

Ecological Fallacy


False Analogy

False Dilemma

False Equivalence

Gambler’s Fallacy


Gish Gallop

H – R

Hasty Generalization

Loaded Question

Middle Ground

No True Scotsman

Poisoning the Well

Post Hoc

Red Herring

S – W

Slippery Slope

Special Pleading

Straw Man

Texas Sharpshooter

Tu Quoque


Related Articles